Canadian government policy was to equip the army, as far as possible, with Canadian manufactured goods. Canadian Military Pattern truck in version used for mechanical repairs. Chevrolet Model C60X, 3-ton, 6 wheel lorry. Canadian designed and built in Oshawa, Ontario. England, 19 March Photo by Donald I.
One area where a special contribution was made by Canadian manufacturing was the supply of mechanical transport March Past - The Band Of The Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps - Salutes The Canadian Armed Forces the Allied field armies. All the material-support trades were transferred to the air force. In the s, it was confirmed that the organization of materials support was inadequate for the army's needs; some trades were performed by vehicle technicians, such as auto-body, others by air force trades, such as machinists, and welding was divided between the air force's metals technician and the army's vehicle technician trades.
Inthese were all combined into the materials technician's trade, belonging to the LORE Branch. It was also around this time that the LORE title was decided to be inaccurate in its description of the craftsmen's trades.
The badge did not change. The new badge would have to be modelled on the old horse, but at the same time, reflect the changes in the army and in the trades that had occurred since. The new badge had several proposals. On documents and other items that include both French and English, the English goes on the left and the March Past - The Band Of The Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps - Salutes The Canadian Armed Forces on the right.
There are other subtle differences between the old horse badge and the new one, such as the collar of fleur-de-lis being replaced with four maple leaves, and the horse's nose being shortened to accommodate three letters in front of it instead of two. The RCEME are charged with the maintenance of all electrical and mechanical equipment in use in the Canadian army today. The branch is broken down into five trades:. The school offers 54 different technical courses for approximately students.
Allard Megaplex was built in Saint-Jean. Upon completing Recruit Training and Soldier Qualification, then being posted to Canadian Forces Base Borden, future craftsmen will take a two-week-long course called Common EME Training or CET, which introduces them to the history of their trades, the march past, the badge, unit structure and RCEME traditions, such as Sadiea statue taken from a garden in Italy during World War IIthat accompanied the RCEME craftsmen through the rest of the war, and was finally placed in a glass case in the main hallway of Regimental Company, where she stays, except for occasional excursions for special events.
It is at Regimental Company that the trainees are first given the title "craftsman". RCEME officers will begin their Phase III training, or occupational course at Regimental Company, where they too are introduced to the history and traditions of the RCEME, as well as undergoing a two-week-long field exercise to apply the technical and tactical skills that they learned in the classroom.
Their Phase IV portion is held at both Vehicle Company and Artisan Company in order to familiarize future maintenance officers with various types of workshop and the jobs that are performed in each by the technicians who will be under their command. Once they have successfully completed CET, the trainees move to Artisan Company for a month-long course called Common EME Technical Training which focuses on certain technical skills that are universal throughout their four various trades.
Once this course is completed, the Vehicle technicians, materials technicians, weapons technicians and Electronic-Optronic technicians will stay at Artisan Company to The Evidence - Lungfish - Pass And Stow their Qualification Level 3 QL3or basic trade qualification courses. Since two-thirds of the RCEME craftsmen are vehicle technicians, a separate March Past - The Band Of The Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps - Salutes The Canadian Armed Forces had to be formed to train such a large number of technicians.
Upon completion of QL3 training, as with the other three trades, the craftsmen are then posted to various units across Canada to complete about 18 months of apprenticeship before going back to Canadian Forces Base Borden to complete their QL5, or senior technician's courses. The outer edge of the hand is barely canted downward so that neither the back of the hand nor the palm is clearly visible from the front. The hand and wrist are straight, the elbow inclined slightly forward, and the upper arm is horizontal.
The United States Army and United States Air Force give salutes both covered and uncovered, but saluting indoors is forbidden except when formally reporting to a superior officer or during an indoor ceremony.
State Defense Forces SDF ; also known as state militarystate guardsstate militiasor state military reserves in the United States are military units that operate under the sole authority of a state government. State defense forces are Rondeau (From: Abdelazer) - Thijs van Leer - Collage by state and federal law and are under the command of the governor of each state.
State defense forces soldiers are subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice. The Zogist salute is a military salute that was instituted by Zog I of Albania. It is a gesture whereby the right hand is placed over the heart, with the palm facing downwards. It was first widely used by Zog's personal police force and was later adopted by the Royal Albanian Army. In Mexico, a salute similar to the Zogist one is rendered by March Past - The Band Of The Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps - Salutes The Canadian Armed Forces civilians during the playing of the Mexican national anthem.
Most police forces salute similar to the Canadian Armed Forces standard, with the exception of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Royal Newfoundland Constabularywhich follow the British Army standard of saluting with the full palm facing forward, touching the brim of the hat, if worn.
Similar salutes are used by guards of honour for non-police services e. Personnel stationed with the People's Liberation Army in Hong Kong salute using the Chinese military standards and similar to those used by the Royal Navy. John Ambulance all follow the same military salutes Breezy Sunday - Lac La Belle - A Friend Too Long to their ties with the British Armed Forces.
In the United States, civilian military auxiliaries such as the Civil Air Patrol are required to salute all commissioned and warrant officers of higher rank and Belly Lick - Various - London Is The Place For Me 6 (Mento, Calypso, Jazz & Highlife From Young Blac the salute of those with lower ranks of the U.
Public Health Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps senior in rank to them, as well as all friendly foreign officers, though military members are not required to reciprocate they may salute voluntarily if they choose. CAP officers are required to salute one another though this is not uniformly observed throughout the CAP.
The U. Coast Guard Auxiliary requires its members to salute all commissioned and warrant officers of higher rank and return the salute of those with lower ranks; since Auxiliarists hold "office" rather than "grade" indicated by modified military insigniaall Auxiliarists are required to perform this courtesy. Saluting between Auxiliarists is not usually the custom, but is not out of protocol to do so. In Indonesiaexecuting a salute is also regulated for civilians according to the Constitution of Indonesia.
The salute gesture for Civilians in civilian clothing are to stand upright in their respective positions with perfect posture, straightening their arms down, clenching palms, and thumbs facing forward against the thighs with a straight ahead gaze.
In Iran a salute similar to the United States is given. In ancient times a salute would be given by raising a flat hand in front of the chest with the thumb facing the saluters face. In Latin America, except in Mexico, a salute similar to the United States flag salute is used, with the hand over the heart.
In the Philippines, civilians salute to the national flag Peace And Happiness - Rowan Brothers - Now & Then flag raising and upon hearing the Philippine National Anthem by standing at attention and doing the same hand-to-heart salute as their American, Italian, Nigerian, and South African counterparts. Members of the Armed Forces of the Philippinesthe Philippine National PolicePhilippine Coast Guardsecurity guards, Boy Scouts of the PhilippinesGirl Scouts of the Philippinesincluding citizens military training, and sometimes airline pilots and civilian Things We Said Today - The Beatles - Yeah!
Yeah! Yeah! - A Hard Days Night - Originals From The Uni crews, meanwhile do the traditional military salutes if they are in uniform on duty; off-duty personnel do the hand-to-heart salutes.
During the Martial Law years from — up to the EDSA Revolutionthe "raised March Past - The Band Of The Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps - Salutes The Canadian Armed Forces fist" salute was done during the singing and playing of the National Anthem by some groups. People whose faith or religious beliefs prohibit them from singing the anthem or reciting the patriotic pledge such as Jehovah's Witnesses are exempted from doing the salutes but are still required to show full respect when the anthem is being sung or played on record by standing at attention and not engaging in disruptive activities.
Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts meanwhile have their own form of salutes. The Roman salute is a gesture in which the arm is held out forward straight, with palm down and fingers extended straight and touching.
Sometimes the arm is raised upward at an angle, sometimes it is held out parallel to the ground. A well known symbol of Fascismit is commonly perceived to be based on a classical Roman custom. Beginning with Jacques-Louis David 's painting The Oath of the Horatiian association of the gesture with Roman republican and imperial culture emerged through 18th-century French art.
The Bellamy salute was a similar gesture and was the civilian salute of the United States from to In Germany showing the Roman salute is today prohibited by law. Those rendering similar salutes, for example raising the left instead of the right hand, or raising only three fingers, are liable to prosecution. According to SOPs standard operating procedures of It Came From The Skies - Asphyx - Incoming Death airlines, the ground crew that handles departure of an aircraft from a gate such handling normally includes: disconnecting of required for engine start pneumatic generators or aircraft power and ventilation utilities, aircraft push-back, icing inspection, etc.
Captain normally returns the salute. Since a large percentage of airline pilots are ex-military pilots, this practice was transferred to the airline industry from the military. Exactly the same saluting practice is appropriate to most military aircraft operations, including Air Force, Navy and Army. It is used to express the unity of God "there is no god but God".
The raised clenched fistsymbolizing unity in struggle, was popularized in the 19th century by the socialistcommunist and anarchist movements, and is still used today. In the United States, the raised fist was associated with the Black Power movement, symbolized in the Olympics Black Power salute ; a clenched-fist salute is also proper in many African nations, including South Africa.
However, the two salutes are somewhat different: in the Black Power salute, the arm is held straight, while in the salute of leftist movements the arm is bent slightly at the elbow. Many different gestures are used throughout the world as simple greetings.
In Western cultures the handshake is very common, though it has numerous subtle variations in the strength of grip, the vigour of the shake, the dominant position of one hand over the other, and whether or not the left hand is used. Historically, when men normally wore hats out of doors, male greetings to people they knew, and sometimes those they did not, involved touching, raising slightly "tipping"or removing their hat in a variety of gestures, see hat tip.
This basic gesture remained normal in very many situations from the Middle Ages until men typically ceased wearing hats in the midth century. Hat-raising began with an element of recognition of superiority, where only the socially inferior party might perform it, but gradually lost this element; King Louis XIV of France made a point of at least touching his hat to all women he encountered.
However the gesture was never used by women, for Cara De Niña - Obus - Otra Vez En La Ruta their head-covering included considerations of modesty.
When a man was not wearing a hat he might touch his hair to the side of the front of his head to replicate a hat tipping gesture. This was typically performed by lower-class men to social superiors, such as peasants to the land-owner, and is known as "tugging the forelock", which still sometimes occurs as a metaphor for submissive behaviour.
In Europe, the formal style of upper-class greeting used by a man to a woman in the Early Modern Period was to hold the woman's presented hand usually the right with his right hand and kiss it while bowing, see hand-kissing and kissing hands. This style has not been widespread for a century or more.
In cases of a low degree of intimacy, the hand is held but not kissed. The ultra-formal style, with the man's right knee on the floor, is now only used in marriage proposalsas a romantic gesture. The Arabic term salaam literally "peace", from the spoken greeting that accompanies the gesturerefers to the practice of placing the right palm on the heart, before and after a handshake. The gesture may be used on meeting and parting, and when offering thanks or apologies.
In India, it is common to see the Namaste greeting or "Sat Sri Akal" for Sikhs where the palms of the hands are pressed together and held near the heart with the head gently bowed.
Adabmeaning respect and politeness, is a hand gesture used as a Muslim greeting of south Asian Muslims, especially of Urdu-speaking communities of Uttar PradeshHyderabadi Muslims, Bengali Muslims and Muhajir people of Pakistan.
The gesture involves raising the right hand towards the face with palm inwards such that it is in front of the eyes and the finger tips are almost touching the forehead, as the upper torso is bent forward.
It is often answered with the same or the word " Tasleem " is said as an answer or sometimes it is answered with a facial gesture of acceptance. In Indonesia, a nation with a huge variety of cultures and religions, many greetings are expressed, from the formalized greeting of the highly stratified and hierarchical Javanese to the more egalitarian and practical greetings of outer islands.
Javanese, Batak and other ethnicities currently or formerly involved in the armed forces will salute a Government-employed superior, and follow with a deep bow from the waist or short nod of the head and a passing, loose handshake. Hand position is highly important; the superior's hand must be higher than the inferior's.
Muslim Everyones Wrong But Me - Ella Fitzgerald - Stairway To The Stars will clasp both hands, palms together at the chest and utter the correct Islamic slametan greeting phrase, which may be followed by cheek-to-cheek contact, a quick hug or loose handshake.
Pious Muslim women rotate their hands from a vertical to perpendicular prayer-like position in order to barely touch the finger tips of the male greeter and may opt out of the cheek-to-cheek contact. If the male is an Abdi Dalem royal servant, courtier or particularly "peko-peko" taken directly from Japanese to mean obsequious or even a highly formal individual, he will retreat backwards with head downcast, the left arm crossed against the chest and the right arm hanging down, never showing his side or back to his superior.
His head must always be lower than that of his superior. Younger Muslim males and females will clasp their elder's or superior's outstretched hand to the forehead as a sign of respect and obeisance.
If a manual worker or a person with obviously dirty hands salutes or greets an elder or superior, he will show deference to his superior and avoid contact by bowing, touching the right forehead in a very quick salute or a distant "slamet" gesture. The traditional Javanese Sungkem involves clasping the palms of both hands together, aligning the thumbs with the nose, turning the head downwards and bowing deeply, bending from the knees.
In a royal presence, the one performing sungkem would kneel at the base of the throne. A gesture called a wai is used in Thailand, where the hands are placed together palm to palm, approximately at nose level, while bowing.
The wai is similar in form to the gesture referred to by the Japanese term gassho by Buddhists. In Thailand, the men and women would usually press two palms together and bow a little while saying "Sawadee ka" female speaker or "Sawadee krap" male speaker.
Some cultures use hugs and kisses regardless of the sex of the greetersbut those gestures show an existing degree of intimacy and are not used between total strangers. All of these gestures are being supplemented or completely displaced by the handshake in areas with large amounts of business contact with the West. These bows indicate respect and acknowledgment of social rank, but do not necessarily imply obeisance.
An obeisance is a gesture not only of respect but also of submission. Such gestures Là-Bas - Les Enfoirés - Les Enfoirés Au Grand Rex rarer in cultures that do not have strong class structures; citizens of the Western World, for example, often react with hostility to the idea of bowing to an authority figure.
After his conquest of PersiaAlexander the Great introduced Persian etiquette into his own court, including the practice of proskynesis. Visitors, depending on their ranks, would have to prostrate themselves, bow to, kneel in front of, or kiss the king.
His Greek countrymen objected to this practice, as they considered these rituals only suitable to the gods. In countries with recognized social classes, bowing to nobility and royalty Still Alive - Various - The Power Of Rock customary. Standing bows of obeisance all involve bending forward from the waist with the eyes downcast, though variations in the placement of the arms and feet are seen.
In western European cultures, women do not bow, they " curtsey " a contraction of Rhymin And Stealin - Various - Def Jam Classics Vol. 1 that became its own worda movement in which one foot is moved back and the entire body lowered to a crouch while the head is bowed. The European formal greeting used from men to women can be transformed into an obeisance gesture by holding the suzerain's hand with both hands.
This kind of respect is due to kings, princes, sovereigns in their kingdomsarchbishops in their metropolitan province or the Pope everywhere. In ultra-formal ceremonies a coronation, oath of allegiance or episcopal inauguration the My Sweet Rapier - Michael McDermott - Bourbon Blue knee shall touch the ground.
Many religious believers kneel in prayerand some Roman Catholicsand Anglicans genuflectbending one knee to touch the ground, at various points during religious services; the Orthodox Christian equivalent is a deep bow from the waist, and as an especially solemn obeisance the Orthodox make prostrationsbending down on both knees and touching the forehead to the floor.
Roman Catholics also employ prostrations on Good Friday and at ordinations. During Islamic prayera kneeling bow called sajdah is used, with forehead, nose, March Past - The Band Of The Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps - Salutes The Canadian Armed Forcesknees, and toes all touching the ground. Jews bow from the waist many times during prayer.
Four times during the Yom Kippur service, and once on each day of Rosh Hashanah, many Jews will kneel and then prostrate. With the Salvation Armywhen becoming a soldier, at a christening or other official event, underneath the flag, a salute is often used.
This involves holding the hand, palm forwards, with all the fingers held in a clenched fist position. The index finger is left raised pointing towards God, and the hand is often held at chest height, in a similar position to that of Girl Guides.
Hand salutes similar to those used in the military are rendered by the Drum Major of a marching band or drum corps just prior to beginning their performance after the show announcer asks if the group is readyfollowing completion of the performance and at other appropriate times.
In all cases the salute is rendered to the audience. The classic "corps style" salute is often known as the "punch" type, where the saluting party will first punch their right arm straight forward from their body, arm parallel to the ground, hand in a fist, followed by the more traditional salute position with the right hand, left arm akimbo.
Dropping the salute typically entails snapping the saluting hand to the side and clenching the fist, then dropping both arms to the sides. In the US, a Drum Major carrying a large baton or mace will often salute by bringing the right hand, holding the mace with the head upward, to the left shoulder. There are occasional, more flamboyant variations, such as the windmill action of the saluting arm given by the Madison Scouts drum major, or the running of the saluting hand around the brim of the hat worn by the Cavaliers drum major.
In the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, civilians are not expected to salute. In the past most gentlemen in Guarachita - Juan Garcia Esquivel - Cabaret Tragico wore hats, and it was customary to tip the hat to a lady in salutation, but this custom has long died out.
In the United States, civilians may salute the national flag by placing their right hand over their heart or by standing at attention during the playing of the national anthem or while reciting the U. Pledge of Allegianceor when the flag is passing by, as in a parade.
Men and boys remove their hats and other headgear during the salute; religious headdress and military headdress worn by veterans in uniform, who are otherwise civilians are exempt.
The nature of the headgear determines whether it is held in the left or right hand, tucked under the left arm, etc. However, if it is held in the right hand, the headgear is not held over the heart but the hand is placed in the same position it would be if it were not holding anything. The Defense Authorization Act ofsigned by President Bush, contained a provision that gave veterans and active-duty service members not in uniform the right to salute during the playing of the national anthem.
Previous legislation authorized saluting when not in uniform during the raising, lowering and passing of the flag.
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